Some plants are medicinal, others are ornamental, or they can be both, as is the case with foxglove, which is a marvel to decorate the garden, but is also studied in the laboratory for its medicinal properties.
It is beautiful, lush, and can be grown in the backyard of regions with less intense summers.
However, its use for medicinal purposes at home is not recommended, as it is a toxic plant. If you want to grow it, leave it alone to beautify your home garden. Learn more about it.
General characteristics of foxglove
The scientific name of foxglove isDigitalis purpurea, but there is also the hybrid Digitalis x fulva.It is nicknamed foxglove because of the shape of its flowers, similar to sewing thimbles. It is a plant native to Europe, which is why it prefers temperate and cold climates to develop.
The environment for growing this plant is half-shade, but if it is temperate, even in summer, it can be in full sun. Don't let it out in the sun all the time if the temperature is high.
Water this plant frequently so that the soil always stays moist. Feel with your finger before watering, as you can't let the roots soak either, or they will rot.
For planting, foxglove likes fertile soil, rich in organic matter, light to facilitate water drainage and with an average pH of 5.5 to 6.5, although maintaining this acidity is not a rule, since tolerates variations.
Usually, you spend the entire first year taking good care of your foxglove to see the flowers only the following year, in the summer season.
The most common way to reproduce this plant is through seeds, which you can buy in a store specializing in gardening or agricultural products. The seeds are very small and should be planted in shallow pits, covered with very light soil or fine sawdust. After two to three weeks, the seedlings begin to sprout. If planted in a seedbed, when the seedling is about 8 centimeters tall, it can be transplanted to the final location.
Medicinal properties of foxglove
Although foxglove is not recommended as a home remedy because it is a toxic plant, it has been used for this purpose since 1000 BC, in the region of Great Britain, as an expectorant for coughs, epilepsy attacks, inflammation of the lymph nodes and to clean, dry and heal wounds.
Around 1650 he was introduced to theLondon Pharmacopoeia , but it took another 50 years for its properties to be recognized in the treatment of heart disease. In 1785, the English physician and botanist William Withering published the study "An account of foxglove and some of its medical uses Based on the results of your medical practice.
Currently, the derivatives of this plant are used in the pharmaceutical industry in the manufacture of medicines to treat heart failure, improving circulation and balancing blood pressure.
By Priscillia Riscarolli. Article in Portuguese