Anyone who has tried an abiu says that this is a delicious fruit. In addition to being widely used for its healing values in folk medicine.
The Amazon has a much richer flora to offer than is already known. One of the plants that lives in its biome is the abieiro, a tree from which you can harvest abiu, a fruit with medicinal properties that you will now know better.
Abiu is a smooth yellow-skinned fruit with fleshy white pulp, similar in size to a passion fruit or an orange. Its scientific name isLucuma caimito or Pouteria caimito and is native to the central Amazon and the coastal Atlantic forest of Brazil, from Pernambuco to Rio de Janeiro. In Tupi-Guaraní, the name abiu means “fruit with spikes”, since it has a point at one end.
In 100 grams of the fruit you consume, more or less:
- Calories: 47.2
- Water: 88.0 g
- Carbohydrates: 9.9 g
- Proteins: 1.75 g
- Fat: 0.2 g
- Mineral salts: 0.1 g
- Vitamin A: 50 IU
- Vitamin B1: 22.0 mcg
- Vitamin B2: 196.0 mcg
- Vitamin B5: 0.58 mg
- Vitamin C: 13.0 mg
Abiu in folk medicine
As you have seen, the nutritional richness of this fruit makes its consumption worthwhile, in addition to its pleasant taste, very sweet, with a very soft and juicy texture.
In folk medicine it is used to treat anemias, dysentery, earache, malaria, bronchitis, malnutrition and respiratory problems. The latex of the fruit is used to aid wound healing, as it disinfects and sticks from the inside out, preventing infection and reducing inflammation.
For recipes of folk medicine, the natural fruit can be used against lung disorders. Its tea-like bark is antidisenteric and reduces fever. The oil extracted from the seeds relieves inflammation in the skin and ear.
After harvest, the fruit lasts up to 7 days, if it is kept latex-free on the outside of the peel and stored in 15 degree conditions. If it is packed in PVC film, it extends its shelf life up to 20 days.
See, in this video from the Cardápio Recipes channel, what an abiu pie is like and how to make a juice recipe:
Both on the trunk of the tree and on the inner edges of the rind of the fruit, there is latex, which is used for the manufacture of glue and in folk remedies in folk medicine. Therefore, be careful not to eat that part close to the skin, especially on the still green fruit, in overdoing it.
Because it is such a tasty fruit, when you get the chance, you want to eat a lot. But, everything in excess turns into poison. So, be careful how much you eat at one time.
The advice in this article is not a substitute for consulting a doctor. Remember that each organism is unique and may react differently from the one mentioned.
By Priscilla Riscarolli. Article in Portuguese