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Together, let's defend the bees

Together, let's defend the bees

Those of us who subscribe to this present appear before the Special Rapporteur on Economic, Social, Cultural and Environmental Rights of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and say:

Motivated by the dangerous situation in which pollinators are found throughout Latin America and the Caribbean due to the drastic decline in their population in recent years, and noting that honey bees and native stingless (meliponas) turn out to be most affected, we request that this Rapporteurship - in the context of its functions of monitoring the situation of ESCER -:

1) Recommend to the Member States of the Organization of American States (OAS) that they declare honey bees and meliponas (native stingless) NATURAL HERITAGE, since they constitute "pollination" an essential activity in the Preservation of biological diversity and consequently, to guarantee the right
Human to Adequate Nutrition.

2) Recommend to the Member States of the Organization of American States (OAS) that they prohibit the release into the environment of Neonicotinoids (Imidacloprid, Clothianidin and Thiamethoxan) and Fipronil. Thus, safeguard measures are also adopted in relation to pesticides whose mode of action is systemic, and
immediately review the uses of the active ingredients (and their formulations) for which there is scientific evidence of impacts on bees, with a view to the definitive cancellation.

3) Recommend to the Member States of the Organization of American States (OAS) that, in accordance with their internal legislation on wildlife, they analyze the need to declare honeybees and native stingless bees (meliponas) "Endangered species".

4) Assist the Member States of the Organization of American States (OAS) in the adoption of concrete measures to promote biodiversity and protect habitats favorable to them and all the pollinating fauna.

5) Recommend to the member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) to incorporate into their legislation the rights of the Mother Earth, the Pachamama, and Nature.

However, it has been scientifically proven that one of the main causes that put at risk the fragile existence of honey bees and native stingless bees are activities related to agribusiness: the deforestation of native mountains and forests, the implantation of large extensions of monocultures , the use of millions of liters / kilos of pesticides.

To this end, we hereby come to accompany a document that arises from the practice of a popular science of Latin American organizations, in which numerous studies and scientific investigations that show the link that exist between the alarming death of pollinating agents are referenced. mainly from honey bees and native stingless bees) and industrial agriculture based on transgenic crops and millions of liter-kilos of pesticides.

The scientific compilation attached hereto shows how, year after year, bee populations are declining in alarming terms. In an inversely proportional sense and simultaneously, it is verified how, year after year, transgenic crops have increased and the use of pesticides has increased exponentially, which currently far exceed 2,000 million liter-kilos per year in the Latin American region.

This document also describes - indirectly - what have been the major omissions in which the governments of the OAS countries have incurred, in their obligation to preserve biological biodiversity, guarantee the fundamental rights to a healthy environment, adequate food and food sovereignty, and in recognizing the rights of the Mother Earth, Pachamama and Nature.

What cannot be ignored is that this model of agriculture -which we denounce as one of the main responsible for the situation of bees-, has unfortunately been transformed into a state policy in a large part of the countries of the continent, with control bodies neutralized in their basic functions of controlling, reviewing and updating the conditions and uses of pesticides according to the scientific information that is emerging about their impacts on biological components.

This document also shows that there are 83 pesticides that were linked by the probable or possible impacts that they have on them. Most of them are insecticides 66%, in the second order fungicides 22% and 12% herbicides.

Not in all cases, scientific investigations refer to evidence of damage that amounts to immediate death, but they do account for the provocation of significant chronic alterations in the health of bees, increasing the risk of serious and irreparable damage. Indeed, scientific studies reveal the different impacts of pesticides on bees, either in physiological aspects with malformations and growth and development deficiencies, in the immune system, making them more vulnerable to diseases, with higher mortality rates, in eating behaviors and disorders in the learning processes seriously affecting their essential function of pecoreo, by causing the affectation of their olfactory capacity that does not allow them to recognize the flowers or their homing ability to return to the hive by virtue of disorientation, leaving exposed to certain death.

A matter of consideration is the systemic mode of action of a large part of the pesticides used in industrial agriculture, and mainly the group of neonicotinoids since they are used in the treatment of seeds and once they germinate and the Plants grow, those are expressed throughout the vascular system and in guttation water, pollen and nectar. Therefore, the bees' food source becomes a death trap, by being impregnated with these poisons, which in light of the collected works, there is very clear evidence that they are the main responsible for their population decline.

In the specific case of neonicotenoid pesticides, we observe that the European Union advanced with strong restrictions (prohibition of use) such as Imidacloprid and even the total cancellation of use of all commercial formulations with the active ingredients Clothianidin and Thiamethoxan. The wake-up call for an in-depth investigation that lasted 5 years (2013-18) and that concluded with the decisions to restrict and cancel the uses of these pesticides in the member countries of the European Union, emerged from many of the scientific investigations reviewed in the compilation that is attached hereto. However, in almost all of Latin America and the Caribbean, the three listed pesticides continue to be freely used in agriculture, without any prevention or restriction. When organizations and socio-environmental assemblies in Argentina, demanded that the same measures be adopted in their country as in the European Union, on neonicotinoids, the response of the control body (National Service of Agrifood Health and Quality) was that European decisions had They have been criticized for being unserious investigations, without clarifying that those who thought so were the managers of the large agribusiness corporations that produced the active principles in crisis.

Likewise, an important fact is detailed: of the 83 pesticides, 55% are prohibited in the European Union, while in the countries of the Latin American and Caribbean region they are freely used in agriculture. Almost all of the scientific investigations that are part of the compilation that we attach to the present show the need to take urgent measures in order to protect these biological beings that are bees, essential for life and nature, providing with their pollinating action two out of three foods for human consumption.

For all of the above and beginning the formation of an articulation of organizations and assemblies throughout Latin America and the Caribbean in defense of bees, we ask that you bear in mind the requests made at the beginning, with the hope that the inter-American system of human rights, within the framework of the Additional Protocol of San Salvador, to act before the inaction of the States.

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First Signatures:

• Cuban Society of Beekeepers (CUBAPI). Cuba.
• Latin American Beekeeping Federation (FILAPI).
• Argentine Society of Beekeepers (SADA). Argentina.
• National Confederation of Beekeepers of Peru (CONAPI). Peru.
• National Beekeeping Network of Chile (RNAC). Chile.
• Uruguayan Beekeeping Society (SAU). Uruguay.
• Confederation of Bee Breeders of Paraguay. Paraguay.
• Confederacão Brasileira de Apicultura (CBA). Brazil.
• Mexican Federation of Beekeepers. Mexico.
• Gwatá. Agroecology Nucleus State University of Goias. Brazil.
• Nature of Rights. Argentina.
• Citizen Science Movement. Brazil.
• Animal Libre NGO Ecuador. Ecuador.
• Land of Rights. Brazil.
• MST Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra. Brazil
• Nucleus of Advanced Studies in Sovereignty and Food Safety and Nutrition Karu Porã (NEA-SSAN Karu Porã). Brazil.
• Regional Latin American of the IUF-Rel Uita. Brazil.
• Movement for Justice and Human Rights (MJDH). Brazil.
• NECOOP / UFFS - Núcleo de Estudos em Cooperação. Brazil. Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul. Brazil.
• Technological Vocational Center in Cooperativism, Agroindustrialization and Agroecology (CVT / UFFS). Brazil.
• Program of Education Tutorial Connection of Knowledge - Public Policies and Agroecology. Brazil.
• Nucleus of Advanced Studies in Sovereignty and Food Safety and Nutrition Karu Porã (NEA-SSAN Karu Porã). Brazil.
• Instituto Gaúcho de Estudos Ambientais - Ingá. Brazil.
• CONSEA / RS - Conselho de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional do Rio Grande do Sul / Brazil.
• Gaúcha Parliamentary Front in Defesa da Alimentação Saudavel- Rio Grande do Sul / Brazil.
• Rio Grande do Sul da Aliança Nucleus for the Adequacy of Food and Health. Brazil.
• AGAPAN- Associação Gaucha de Proteãço ao Ambiente Natural. Brazil.
• Rede de Mulheres Negras for Food and Nutritional Safety. Brazil.
• Movimento pela Saude dos Povos. Brazil.
• Graduação em Geografia Postcard (PPEGO / UEG). Brazil.
• Articulação Nacional de Agroaecologia. Brazil.
. Nature of Rights - Argentina
. Circle of farmers San Rafael - Argentina
. Hunger Museum - Argentina
. Self-convened neighbors against the Ceamse and the Care of González Catán
. Sports and Environmental Cultural Center Galpón 3 de González Catán - Argentina
. Front of Struggle for Food Sovereignty - Argentina

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Source: Latin American and Caribbean Action for Bees

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