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The slow genocide of Wichí: humanitarian catastrophe

The slow genocide of Wichí: humanitarian catastrophe

There are seven Wichí children who did not live for two years and who died of hunger and thirst this January. And it evicted a hundred thousand women, men, and children who lived, ate, and healed under its leafy roof.

The agricultural frontier is pushed and moved and the soy and transgenesis break in where the forest was. An entire town among the trees is left naked and defenseless. And it is dying, little by little. With dozens of children on the border of life and death. Given the scale of the catastrophe, doctors Medardo Avila, Carlos Trotta and Emilio Iosa raised the request to Doctors Without Borders to install a humanitarian mission in a territory where the presence of the state chooses who it abandons.

Chief Modesto Rojas says that there are nine dead. Sure you are right. Nobody talks to them. The authorities say there are seven other very serious. Chief Modesto Rojas says that there are more than twenty children who have their lives hanging by a thread, like a flame that is blown and goes away. And he sure is right. Nobody talks to the caciques. "Arroyo came and did not want to talk to us", He says. Barely three had died when the Minister of Social Development passed through Salta and, led by the Governor, walked where he was taken. Far from the terrible. With food cards as a panacea. For a people in extinction, put to die as soon as possible to use the little land on which they still drop their bones at night.

Says the doctor Rodolfo Franco, from the communities Misión Chaqueña and Carboncito, toAPe: “in my community none have died, both belong to Embarcación, department of San Martín. My communities are Hollywood because they still have mountains to face hunger. Those of the north are catastrophic”.

In 2009, the newspaper Crítica published an investigation into the ties of the family and officials of the then governor of Salta, Juan Manuel Urtubey, with the clearing companies in that province. Urtubey ruled 12 years. And last week he went to live in Spain.

I have been warning it for years. I have notified the hospital that there is a lot of malnutrition. But it is a premeditated plan: it is about taking the land from them and for that they have to kill them first; it is ugly to shoot them. So they do it hungry, with bad education, with bad health”. The World Health Organization, Franco tells this Agency, “argues that a doctor is necessary for every 600 people. I serve two towns with 4000 and 2000. Sometimes they send some reinforcement sporadically, but they come in a hurry and they leave in a hurry. I am attending non-stop and we both earn the same obviously. The salaries are very relegated”.

Says Octorina Zamora, wichi leader. "Am I to blame for starving when my habitat was taken from me, the bush was taken from me? In Salta there are almost no carob trees, which is the main food. When I was little there were no malnourished boys. So what fault? Where there were carob trees there is nothing”. They had told him that the problem was cultural. That the Wichí took the sick and hid them in the mountains. What mount ?.

As former governors leave for Europe and former presidents preside over foundations of world football, for ten years the dead children can be countedclusters, as I saidAlberto Morlachetti. And write them down on the lists of the most cruel social crimes, with specific culprits, with names, faces and stories.

From January to June 2011 thirteen children died in Embarcación, Pichanal and Tartagal. Of malnutrition and diseases related to hunger in Salta that Urtubey had inherited from Juan Carlos Romero. In 2016, one child per month left in the terrible north, in Salta and the Chaco that share the clearing and contempt. The last one in Rivadavia, one of the most affected areas in the province of Losurtubeyes who left looking for new horizons. In the summer of 2017, 21 wichis children were devoured in Santa Victoria Este, there where Salta ends, as if falling in Paraguay. Twelve babies in that brutal Santa Victoria Este summer were stillborn because their mothers languished with hunger and thirst. Fenced in by abandonment and indolence.

2020 dawns with another cluster of children dying. While the former governor leaves and the former president assumes the FIFA Foundation. Both responsible for opening the doors to extermination. Both responsible, at least, for not avoiding it.

While panic is pointing Towards the coronavirus in China, children are dying of hunger and thirst in the fierce summer without trees or water from the Chaco of Salta dismantled, scrapped and plundered.

They came out to ban the word malnutrition at the beginning, but it was not possible - says Rodolfo Franco toAPe-. They always restrict it in the death certificates, you don't have to put fever syndrome, you have to put another cause" but "I am 69 years old and 43 as a doctor and I speak of malnutrition, dehydration, because since I cannot have water to plant, harvest and water plants, they cannot do anything. The land is very fertile, but without water there is nothing ”. For the doctor “It is part of the genocide plan. Bullets are expensive. You have to kill them with knives, as a general of the desert campaign said”.

Modesto Rojas, chieftain, speaks of "a woman who died in Santa María giving birth. She and the baby passed away”. For the official count, there would already be seven dead children. For Modesto, almost a dozen.

Santa Victoria Este has a secretary of Institutional Relations of Diaguita Calchaquí origin, Antonio César Villa. The mayor is Wichí. "What is most difficult is access to water. At this time we have a drought that is devastating the region, all the animals that cannot even be eaten are dying because many of them are sick”Says Villa. Meanwhile the Pilcomayo lurks. "It arrives more and more plentiful and at any moment it begins to overflow in the middle of this drought ”. The fact is that the river, which runs down the hills of Bolivia and meanders along the border with Argentina and southern Paraguay, is blocked in some sectors “by the mud accumulated by previous floods; year after year avalanches fall and floods are increasingly frequent, due to land clearing”Says Villa with the eyes of those who saw him up close.

The deaths, one by one

One. It was January 7. Malnutrition was not recognized. He was one year and two months old. He was from the Wichí community of La Mora, department of San Martín. Stick to Tartagal.

Two. I was two years old. He died on January 11 in his little house. It was from Mission El Quebrachal. I was, they say, underweight.

Three. The same day in Santa Victoria Este. He was two years old and was from the community of Rancho El Ñato. Dehydration from vomiting and diarrhea, the report said. Organ failure.

Four. January 17. The little girl was two years and 8 months old. She died after being transferred from Morillo (in Rivadavia Banda Norte) to the hospital in Oran. I had diarrhea. They blamed the parents.

Five. It was on January 21 at the Juan Domingo Perón Hospital in Tartagal. He was from the Las Vertientes community, Santa Victoria Este. They transferred him on a medical flight. They blamed the parents.

Six. He was chronically malnourished. They took him to Morillo, from the El Traffic community. He was referred to the Oran Hospital and died in the ambulance, which was stopped due to mechanical failures.

Seven. The mother died in childbirth. And, says Modesto Rojas, Wichí cacique, the baby too. She was from Mission Santa María and had her twelfth birth in her little house without assistance. They tried to transfer her to the hospital but she died on the way.

Meanwhile the doctors Carlos Trotta, (former president of Doctors Without Borders for Latin America), Medardo Avila Vazquez, (Network of Doctors of Fumigated Villages), and Emilio Iosa (former President of the Internal Debt Foundation) formally raised the request for a humanitarian mission to be installed in the NEA in the face of the health horror that the surviving native peoples are experiencing in the deepest north. "The health situation is extremely serious, hunger and the stress of dispossession for such a meek people is terribly traumatizing, malnutrition is generalized, and children with marasmus and African-style kwashiorkor (diseases derived from malnutrition) are detected in almost all communities , tuberculosis and chagas have extremely high incidence rates, maternal mortality is suspected to be very high as well”Says the document.

The response of the nation stateThe province has been totally insufficient to help native peoples stripped of their forests. Even the Urtubey government continued to authorize clearings in favor of large soybean groups in the area and their health teams on the ground are very scarce and do not have sufficient resources or capacity to face the humanitarian crisis”. Doctors Medardo Avila, Carlos Trotta and Emilio Iosa are convinced that “The only possibility is that an honest, efficient and impartial humanitarian organization such as MSF will settle in the area and develop actions to contain the death of health and basic infrastructure, until we Argentines can recognize and respond to the problem that our productive system is generating. to this population that is estimated between the different ethnic groups of almost 100,000 people”.

A permanent system that runs through governments, a vein through which royal power circulates. The one that determines who will be part of the world to come and who will have to remain inexorably on the road. The ancestral condemnation is for those who were united with nature to eat it and drink it, to return to it as compost and spirit up like butterflies in the sky of the carob trees. A genocide that has not stopped for five and a half centuries.

Source Source: News Agency - Rag Ball

Video: On Our Watch - A documentary about genocide in Darfur (October 2020).