National Park of the Belluno Dolomites

National Park of the Belluno Dolomites

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Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park it is a dip in nature easily accessible from Venice and yet so different from the lagoon landscape. The territory that preserves alternating medium and high mountains, embraces the Feltrine Alps the peaks of Pizzon-Feruch, i mountains of the Sun and of Schiara-Pelf and Talvéna. It protects over 1400 plants and flowers, hosts alpine species, including birds of prey, called to coexist with some specimens of lynx and bear. As a symbol the Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park has Moretti's Campanula, an endemic species of the Dolomites: it grows on the cliffs at altitudes above 1200 meters and gives purple blooms to those who decide to visit this beautiful park that is too little known.

Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park: where it is and how to get there

The National Park of the Belluno Dolomites it is located less than one hundred kilometers from Venice, also in Veneto, in the southern sector of the province of Belluno and Belluno, together with Feltre, is the main city of entry to this splendid protected green area.

All forest roads and tracks found in National Park of the Belluno Dolomites they cannot absolutely be traveled by vehicles, with the exception of the state road 203 Agordina, for the rest there are no other roads that penetrate the green. Always the Argodina 203 intersecting the surface of the Park proceeding parallel to the provincial road n.2 of the Valle del Mis, separating them is the Monti del Sole Group.

To get to the National Park of the Belluno Dolomites by train there is the Padua-Montebelluna-Feltre-Belluno-Calalzo railway line with a useful bicycle transport service. Padua-Feltre is done in an hour and a half, Feltre-Belluno in half an hour. There are also direct trains from Venice to Belluno, on the Venice-Treviso-Conegliano-Ponte nelle Alpi-Belluno line.

If we choose the car, from Mestre and Venice to get to Belluno, take the A27, exit at Pian di Vedòia and continue on state road 51 and then on 50, from Padua there is the A4 to Mestre and then the A27. To enter the National Park of the Belluno Dolomites from Feltre starting from Vicenza we can use the Val d’Astico A31 motorway (Dueville exit) and continue on state roads 47, 50 bis and then 50.

Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park: what to see

If it is a National Park, and specifically, of National Park of the Belluno Dolomites, we can't help but start by admiring nature so let's immediately dive into what are indicated as naturalistic accesses. Access to? To the Ardo Valley, Val Pramper, Val del Grisol, but also to Caiada and the Lamen and good San Martino valleys. Difficult to choose, they all offer us a spectacular glimpse of the most intimate and green heart of the park:forests, protected and endemic animals, but also breathtaking Dolomite cliffs not to mention the glacial signs and the many plants to recognize, smell, discover.

In this, the various information and didactic structures of which the National Park of the Belluno Dolomites it is provided, places of didactic activities but not only. There are many that walking we can meet, including the three visitor centers, a Botanical Garden and a center for environmental education. Attention, they are places of exchange and comparison, not just "sterile dispensers of information" so let's get ready to get involved and experiment, ask and respond to the stimuli that the National Park of the Belluno Dolomites gives us.

For those who love trips that mix nature with also artistic and folkloristic aspects, in the 15 municipalities of the Park there are various public and private museums which from time to time reveal local aspects of tradition or innovation. If we can't all see what we want in one day, in between shelters and bivouacs, hostels, bed & breakfasts and farms, hotels and self-managed holiday homes we cannot but find our ideal “bed” in which to spend the night to recharge before a new feast of nature.

National Park of the Belluno Dolomites: map

A map of the National Park of the Belluno Dolomites it can always be useful not only on site but also to get an idea of ​​the protected area and how to organize a trip without proceeding in a zig zag.

There are also excellent maps on sale online less than 5 euros for the most passionate walkers. There are three of them, they divide the park into zones, I show you the one for the north, one step, one click, and you will also find the east and west sectors.

National Park of the Belluno Dolomites: fauna and flora

It is a competition between flora and fauna, for those who make a visit to the National Park of the Belluno Dolomites. Let's start with the flora, since numerous botanists have frequented these areas with great interest since 1700: let's trust them and the Codex Bellunensis, a herbarium from the 1400s that remains the first botanical guide of the National Park of the Belluno Dolomites.

Today there are more updated ones, which count between plants with flowers, ferns and others with roots, stem and leaves, about 1,400 "Presences": a quarter of the flora of the entire national territory all in this Venetian "corner". There is no shortage of endemic, rare and precious phytogeographic species. The oldest are in the southernmost part, less devastated by the glaciations. The flora of the Belluno Dolomites National Park however, it is not only of the alpine type, it also gives us types of boreal and Eurasian - temperate environments, or typical of the circum-Mediterranean mountains.

Turning to the wildlife heritage, they are counted 115 species of birds that nest in the Park and 20 species of amphibians and reptiles that live there. THE chamois, symbol of the Gran Sasso national park but also present here with over 3,000 specimens that enjoy it together with 2,000 roe deer. Far more graceful, there are also 100 species of diurnal butterflies, without detracting from the agility of the aforementioned mammals.

National Park of the Belluno Dolomites: paths

To better explore the National Park of the Belluno Dolomites we can take the nature trails also offered on the official website of the Park: they are ring-shaped, do not make us climb too much and allow for relaxing walks under the banner of observing the surrounding beauties.

An alternative to this step-by-step contemplation is offered by thematic paths that are more focused on specific passions to be cultivated. For example we can access the National Park of the Belluno Dolomites with a historical key and archeology or geomorphology, fauna, geology and so on. Even the CAI offers ideas for not wandering at random: its path network includes 52 paths and 5 via ferratas in addition to High Routes of the Dolomites numbers 1, 2 and, in part, 3 that always cross the protected area of ​​our interest.

National Park Authority of the Belluno Dolomites

L'National Park Authority of the Belluno Dolomites which manages the protected area was born on 12 July 1993, with a decree of the President of the Republic, while the park was established with a Ministerial Decree of 20 April 1990. The current extension is about 32,000 hectares, half of which has already been established in 8 Nature Reserves belonging to network of biogenetic reserves of the Council of Europe and managed by the former State Agency for State Forests.

National Park of the Belluno Dolomites: official site

For those wishing to learn more about the aspects covered so far or take a look at the innovations that the park and the institution offer, there is a official site full of ideas and insights.

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Video: Unesco World Heritage Site - The Dolomites (October 2022).