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Indoor bonsai and outdoor bonsai, advice on the plant to choose for growing bonsai at home or in the garden.
THEbonsaiI'mminiature treeswhich grow in very particular pots. Bonsai pots, in fact, are characterized by an extremely reduced depth to limit the development of the root system ofbonsai.
Who wants to buy abonsaigenerally, he goes to specialized nurseries and chooses one according to his personal taste, regardless of the needs of the plant. Yet we should choose thebonsaiaccording tocarethat we can dedicate to it and to the environment in which we intend to cultivate it. When choosing thebonsaiit is always good to contact nurserymen specialized incultivation and care of bonsaibecause they will be better able to indicate the plant that best suits your needs.
Which bonsai to choose?
If you are a beginner, a suitable plant is thejuniper bonsai, it is a rather hardy evergreen and that, contrary to many othersbonsai, does not require special care.
Another option is given by the Ficus species, already used in full size for growing at home.
The choice can also be made based on the budget we intend to spend. There are more or less rare and more or less sought after bonsai. It starts with a minimum cost of 30 - 100 euros to go up even over a thousand euros for the rarest species.
Best bonsai to grow indoors
The bestindoor bonsaithey are those who do not like being exposed to direct sunlight and who tolerate dry weather most of the year.
THEbonsai to grow at home most popular are:
- Ficus Retusa or Formosanum
- Serissa Foetida or Japonica variegata
- Buxus Harlandii
- Zelkova Nire
- Ligustrum ...
The ficus Retusa is abonsaiwith intense dark green foliage. It should be watered regularly and with some generosity. Its vegetation must be pruned periodically to maintain its shape.
The Serissa is a very popular indoor bonsai for its aesthetic appearance and its flowers. Who wants aelm bonsaican point to Zelkova Nire, of Chinese origin. This bonsai does not tolerate low temperatures and adapts well to the indoor environment. The care to be devoted toChinese elm bonsaiare contained in our guide articleHow to take care of a bonsai.
Best bonsai to grow in the garden
THEoutdoor bonsaithey are plants more resistant to cold even if it is always recommended to place the bonsai under a canopy or in the most sheltered areas of the garden.
Who wantsgrow bonsai in the gardenwill have to prefer iazalea bonsai that offer abundant flowering, or the different species of maple, from maple palmatum to maple burgerianum. Cedar, beech, birch and olive bonsai can also be grown in the garden. For the cultivation of bonsai in the garden it is better to choose the species that are best suited to the Mediterranean climate, an example is the olive tree bonsai of wild quality, with smaller leaves and therefore more suitable for bonsai cultivation.
Remember that even among the bonsai there are deciduous species, so don't be alarmed if in the winter months we see the leaves of cedar, larch and elm bonsai fall ... even bonsai go through phases of vegetative rest and will resume full activity during the following spring with new shoots. An interesting bonsai to host and take care of is that ofFicus Benjaminanot pretentious but just as beautiful.
Bonsai, care and repotting
Thecarethey depend on the species we intend to cultivate. Therepotting of bonsaiinstead, it depends both on the size of the starting pot and on the species!
Fast-growing trees need more frequent repotting (they must be repotted every 2 years or in extreme cases even every year). Slow-growing trees and allbonsaiolder and more mature, they need more sporadic repotting, in time intervals between 3 and 5 years.
When to repot bonsai? Repotting should be done in early spring, when the tree is still in the dormant phase.