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Champignon mushroom cultivation: when to start and the species to grow. Advice on substrate and production. Lots of tips for growing mushrooms in the garden or in the vegetable garden.
Autumn is the best time to startgrow mushrooms. In recent years, growing substrates for the production of mushrooms have become popular on the web and in some shops.
These substrates are given by organic materials such as straw, chaff, hay, bran, vegetable flours…. and incorporate different species inoculated with the different types of mycelium. mycelium is the cellular material from which fungi originate. To be clear, the mycelium is to the fungus as the seed is to the harvest!
What mushrooms to grow
There are manymushrooms to growat an amateur level. Among the most productive and most appreciated species by Italians we point out:
- Champignon or Champignon
- Shii Take
Cultivation of mushrooms in the vegetable garden or in the garden
In reality it is not possible to cultivate themushroomsin the garden but it is more likelygrow mushrooms at home: for the cultivation of mushrooms you will need a not very bright environment, just in contrast to the typical standards of a vegetable garden.
You cangrow mushrooms at homeusing a basement, the garage, the basement or other areas with ideal temperatures based on the species chosen. Each species of mushroom has its own needs. On this page we will seehow to grow Champignon mushrooms.
Cultivation of Champignon or Prataioli mushrooms
They need temperatures between 12 and 18 ° C. If you want to grow them indoors, keep them in the coldest and least luminous room: if temperatures exceed 18 ° C, the mycelium could die.
To start thecultivation of Champignon mushroomsthe first thing you need is a productive substrate, in which the mycelium of the species of your interest has been inoculated.
If well maintained and with some strategy, the purchased substrates can be used over and over again to obtain new cycles of mushroom cultivation.
Below we offer you three different varieties of champignons:
- 7.5 l of substrate with mycelium of dwarf champignon
With 7.5 liters of substrate you can get up to 3 kg of mushrooms. The variety is that of the dwarf white champignon, so to speak, those most suitable for preparation in oil or vinegar. Price: € 18.90 on Amazon with free shipping.
- 3 l of substrate with mycelium Classic champignon, white
It is offered at a price of 12.90 euros with free shipping. It will offer up to 2 kg of yield of the classic white champignon.
- 3 l of substrate with mycelium for brown Champignon
The price and productivity are the same as described for the classic variety.
There are many proposals on the market, we have pointed out these because the entire substrate is natural and organic, therefore free of any pesticide and more easily reusable.
How are these packs used for mushroom cultivation?
- Place the package in the environment in which you intend to grow it but DO NOT open it. Only open it after 4 - 5 days.
- Once opened, if the substrate shows a white color, the lid must be removed. Otherwise you will have to leave the container closed and check it every two days and check for the appearance of a whitish color on the substrate.
- When a whitish cover appears, remove the lid and start wetting with a spray.
- Spray water 1-2 times a day for 10-15 days. Don't overdo the amount of water!
- After the first harvest, continue to wet the substrate and do it until the third or even fourth harvest.
The first harvest will occur after 10-15 days. When harvesting, be careful to completely remove the mushrooms so as to leave free space for the following onesfly.
If your mushrooms have grown with a longer stem and an underdeveloped cap, it means that the room is poorly ventilated and too dark. Move the substrate to a more suitable location.
You can cultivate themushrooms even in the garden, select a shaded area, sheltered from the wind and direct sun. If you see that the mushrooms are turning brownish or even drying out, stop watering: you have overdid it with water!
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