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Tomato, fruit or vegetable? Botanically it is a fruit, there is no need to argue, but by most of those who enjoy it several times a week, it is seen as a vegetable and not just any vegetable but as one of those symbol of summer. Abroad, tomato is often associated with Italy as it is very present on pizza and with spaghetti, two tricolor dishes. The tomato as well as fresh, in salads, can be enjoyed all year round in tomato sauce, preferably homemade, or after being dried.
Tomato: nutritional values
It is not the only reason for its great popularity but it certainly helps, the fact that the tomato is rich in vitamin C, 25 mg per hectogram, but low in calories, 18 for every 100 gr. One of the substances that make this fruit particularly healthy is the lycopene.
If the name does not tell us anything at the moment, it is good to know that it is a powerful antioxidant, useful for protecting against degenerative diseases related to aging processes. To give the idea in 100 mg of tomato pulp we find 11 mg, in 100 g of peel, 54 mg.
Listing all the benefits of this food is long and not entirely useful, it is better to underline those that make it special compared to other similar fruits and vegetables. Regular consumption of tomatoes can help decrease the risk of heart disease up to 29%, it also helps prevent some cancers, especially those of the colon and prostate.
It is also good to the eyes, performs a protective action thanks tohigh content of beta-carotene and lutein which "slows down" aging. Rich in the skin also in vegetable fibers such as hemicellulose and cellulose, the tomato helps the intestine so much that it is one of the favorite foods for those suffering from constipation or with a lazy intestine.
We often hear about the tomato diet. Of course you cannot feed on this fruit alone but it falls within the majority of weight loss diets because it seems to be able to stimulate the production of the amino acid carnitine which transforms lipids into energy. Even those who follow a diet to keep low or far lower cholesterol can count on the help of tomatoes, being also rich in water, stimulates diuresis if eaten fresh and raw, without exaggerating with salt.
Noting that i fresh tomatoes contain only 18 calories per pound, if you consume this fruit in other ways the number of calories changes. For the sauce however, there are few, less than double, approximately 25, but if you eat dried tomatoes it is clear that history, and diet, change. One ounce of dried contains 258 Kcal.
An often underestimated virtue of tomatoes is that they are pretty easy to grow even in the home garden without going too crazy. Let's go into detail in the dedicated article. With 7.60 euros it is possible to buy on Amazon a bag with 85 tomato seeds that if well cared for will give life to plants ready to reach even one and a half meters in height.
There are people who, while loving him, they do not physically tolerate the tomato. The most frequent symptoms of this not rare intolerance mainly concern its consumption when cooked, when raw it is usually less annoying
To suffer is thegastrointestinal system, in fact, you can feel bloating and stomach ache, signs of poor digestion, gastric reflux and heartburn. Less often, but it happens that hives also arise, an itch around the mouth and skin rashes.
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