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How to grow aquatic plants: aquatic plants in pots, in the aquarium or in the garden pond. Instructions for growing aquatic plants.
To grow a dwarf water lily, you don't need to build an artificial pond in the garden!
The aquatic plants they can also be grown in containers such as transparent pots or tubs. Any idea can be valid for beautifying your garden or your home.
The aquatic plants they adapt to any climate and do not require great efforts cultivation. Here are some tips that will enable you to grow aquatic plants in pots, inaquariumor in the home pond.
Grow aquatic plants in pots
For the success of the cultivation of aquatic plants two factors are fundamental: the soil and the acclimatization of the plant.
Substrate or soil for aquatic plants
The aquatic plants they can be grown in any type of container, as long as it is waterproof and non-oxide (yes to terracotta, glass for transparent vases, porcelain ... no metal vases).
Once you have chosen the type of container to use, you will need to fill it halfway with soil. The substrate is prepared by mixing peat, with 1/3 of natural fertilizer and with 1/3 of sand.
- Finish the backfill with a layer of at least five centimeters of sand so that the soil does not disperse quickly in the water you pour.
- Then plant the seeds in the ground, from here the roots will find the necessary nourishment and develop properly. If you prefer, you can plant adult aquatic plants directly.
Grow aquatic plants in a pond or large aquarium
For the cultivation of aquatic plants in ponds, artificial lakes, in large tanks or large aquariums, the soil layer must be at least about 30 cm.
The substrate must include a drainage base formed by gravel and leaf residues and finally a layer of sand which, placed on top of the soil, prevents numbness of the water.
Acclimatization and depth of the tank (vase, artificial pond, aquarium ...)
The depth of the container or tank must be linked to the climatic conditions: in hot areas it must be greater than in cold climates.Why? Because in the case of shallow water in summer, the water heats up excessively, deteriorating the cultivated plants. In cold climates, the lower thickness, on the other hand, allows the water layer to heat up completely.
After planting the seeds or after completing planting, the water is gradually poured until a minimum level of need is reached. Every day, then, more water will have to be added in order to allow the optimal temperature to be reached gradually. Water must be added during the central hours of the day to take advantage of solar heat, completing filling in about a week.
Every ten days it is good practice to check and restore the water level as it tends to decrease due to the absorption by the same essences and evaporation.
In the case of tropical aquatic plants, a thermometer will be needed to control the temperature. Furthermore, before adding water it is advisable to slightly heat the water so that the plant will get used to it more easily. Be careful, never pour the water in a jet, but gradually and with a gentle pour.
How to grow aquatic plants in the garden pond
Thoseaquatic floatsthey are plants whose leaves and flowers remain on the surface of the water. There are also submerged plants that live totally immersed in water and are able to purify the water.
In the artificial pond, the recommended submerged plants to maintain a good water balance are theElodea, Myriophyllum ed Eleocaris.
Floating aquatic plants have crawling roots that do not reach the bottom or roots capable of penetrating the substrate. Among the most beautiful floating aquatic plants we point out water lilies, lotuses and some irises.
On the edges of the artificial lake you can grow calla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica) and giant rhubarb (Gunnera manicata), giant rhubarb is only suitable for large artificial lakes or ponds placed in large gardens. Only if you live in Southern Italy can you also grow Calla palustris.
Where to buy aquatic plants
You can buy theaquatic plantsin many shops. Specialized nurserymen can provide you with aquatic plants to grow in pots or in your home pond. Typical shopsaquariologythey can offer you aquatic plants to grow in the aquarium and only some species to grow in pots. It is possible to take advantage of web trading. To get an idea of the plants to grow and the prices, refer to the official Amazon page: Aquatic Plants on Amazon.